What causes dark spots, age spots, and liver spots?

Dark spots, age spots, liver spots, and hyperpigmentation are your skin’s defense mechanisms when it is stressed. It happens more readily in people with lighter skin who don’t tan as readily. Factors that may stress out your skin and create these spots include:

  • Skin aging
  • UV exposure from the sun and tanning beds
  • Scarring from skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, and wounds
  • Inflammation
  • Certain medications 
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Diabetes and blood sugar imbalances